Publikationen des Geschäftsfelds Photodetektoren

Key Publications

 

Limiting dark current mechanisms in antimony-based superlattice infrared detectors for the long-wavelength infrared regime.
Rehm, R.; Lemke, F.; Schmitz, J.; Wauro, M.; Walther, M.
In: Andresen, B.F. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XLI (SPIE-Proc. Vol. 9451)
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2015, 94510N1-11
(SPIE-Proceedings 9451).


Current situation of IR sensor technical basis in germany.
Walther, M.; Rehm, R.; Stadelmann, T.; Daumer, V.; Eich, D.; Hanna, S.; Figgemeier, H.
Journal of the Japan Society of Infrared Science and Technology 25 (2015), 1, 57-65


SWIR photodetector development at Fraunhofer IAF.
Rutz, F.; Kleinow, P.; Aidam, R.; Heussen, H.; Bronner, W.; Sieck, A.; Walther, M.
Dhar, N. K. et al.: Image Sensing Technologies: Materials, Devices, Systems, and Applications II (SPIE-Proc. Vol. 9481): 20 -23 April 2015.
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2015, 948107-1-9
(SPIE-Proceedings 9481).


Infrared photodetector development at Fraunhofer IAF.
Rutz, F.; Kleinow, P.; Walther, M.; Aidam, R.; Bronner, W.; Kirste, L.; Niemasz, J.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Stadelmann, T.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Sieck, A.; Ziegler, J.
In: Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XI (SPIE 8993).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014, 1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 8993).


AlGaN ultraviolet A and ultraviolet C photodetectors with very high specific detectivity D*.
Albrecht, B.; Kopta, S.; John, O.; Kirste, L.; Driad, R.; Köhler, K.; Walther, M.; Ambacher, O.
In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 52 (2013), 08JB28-1-4


InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared detectors.
Rehm, R.; Masur, J.-M.; Schmitz, J.; Daumer, V.; Niemasz, J.; Vandervelde, T.; DeMeo, D.; Luppold, W.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Rutz, F.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.; Walther, M.
In: Infrared Physics and Technology 59 (2013), 6-11


Excess noise in InAs/GaSb type-II superlattice pin-photodiodes.
Wörl, A.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.
In: Infrared Physics and Technology 61 (2013), 5-8


InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared detectors.
Rehm, R.; Masur, J.-M.; Schmitz, J.; Daumer, V.; Niemasz, J.; Vandervelde, T.; DeMeo, D.; Luppold, W.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Rutz, F.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.; Walther, M.
In: Infrared Physics and Technology Article in Press (2012), published online: 29.12.2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.infrared.2012.12.001, 24 S.


Substrate removal of dual-colour InAs/GaSb superlattice focal plane arrays.
Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Schmitz, J.; Wauro, M.; Luppold, W.; Niemasz, J.; Rutz, F.; Wörl, A.; Masur, J.-M.; Kirste, L.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
In: physica status solidi c 9 (2012), 2, 318-321


Dual-color InAs/GaSb superlattice focal-plane array technology.
Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Rutz, F.; Schmitz, J.; Wörl, A.; Masur, J.-M.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
In: Journal of Electronics Materials 40 (2011), 8, 1738-1743


InAs/GaSb superlattice technology.
Rutz, F.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Schmitz, J.; Kirste, L.; Wörl, A.; Masur, J.-M.; Schreibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
In: Infrared Physics and Technology 54 (2011), 3, 237-242


Defect density reduction in InAs/GaSb type II superlattice focal plane array infrared detectors.
Walther, M.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Niemasz, J.; Rutz, F.; Wörl, A.; Kirste, L.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
In: Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VIII (SPIE 7945).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011, 79451N1-10
(SPIE-Proceedings 7945).


Mid-infrared quantum cascade detectors for applications in spectroscopy and pyrometry.
Hofstetter, D.; Giorgetta, F. R.; Baumann, E.; Yang, Q. K.; Manz, C.; Köhler, K.
In: Applied Physics B 7608 (2010), 313-320


Type-II Superlattices - The Fraunhofer Perspective.
Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Schmitz, J.; Rutz, F.; Wörl, A.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
In: Andresen, B.F. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVI (SPIE 7660).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010, 76601G-1-12
(SPIE-Proceedings 7660).


InAs/GaSb type II superlattices for advanced 2nd and 3rd generation detectors.
Walther, M.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Fleißner, J.; Rutz, F.; Kirste, L.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
In: Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VII (SPIE 7608).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010, 76081Z-1-10
(SPIE-Proceedings 7608).

Papers

2016

Charge-layer design considerations in SAGCM InGaAs/InAlAs avalanche photodiodes.
Kleinow, P.; Rutz, F.; Aidam, R.; Bronner, W.; Heussen, H.; Walther, M.
physica status solidi (a) 213 (2016), 4, 925-929


Type-II superlattice infrared detector technology at Fraunhofer IAF.
Rehm, R.; Daumer, V.; Hugger, T.; Kohn, N.; Luppold, W.; Müller, R.; Niemasz, J.; Schmidt, J.; Rutz, F.; Stadelmann, T.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.
Andresen, B.F. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XLII (SPIE 9819).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2016, 981901-6
(SPIE-Proceedings).


SWIR detectors for low photon fluxes.
Rutz, F.; Kleinow, P.; Aidam, R.; Bronner, W.; Stolch, L.; Benecke, M.; Sieck, A.; Rehm, R.
LeVan , P. D. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Sensors, Devices, and Applications VI (SPIE 9974).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2016, 99740G1-11
(SPIE-Proceedings 9974).


Advances in the characterization of InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared photodetectors.
Wörl, A.; Daumer, V.; Hugger, T.; Kohn, N.; Luppold, W.; Müller, R.; Niemasz, J.; Rehm, R.; Rutz, F.; Schmidt, J.; Schmitz, J.; Stadelmann, T.; Wauro, M.
Huckridge, D. A. (Ed.) et al.: Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XIII (SPIE 9987).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2016, 99870-1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 9987).

2015

Two-photon quantum well infrared photodetectors below 6 THz.
Franke, C.; Walther, M.; Helm, M.; Schneider, H.
Infrared Physics and Technology 70 (2015), 30-33


InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared detectors.
Rehm, R.; Lemke, F.; Masur, M.; Schmitz, J.; Stadelmann, T.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Walther, M.
Infrared Physics and Technology 70 (2015), 87-92


SWIR photodetector development at Fraunhofer IAF.
Rutz, F.; Kleinow, P.; Aidam, R.; Heussen, H.; Bronner, W.; Sieck, A.; Walther, M.
Dhar, N. K. et al.: Image Sensing Technologies: Materials, Devices, Systems, and Applications II (SPIE-Proc. Vol. 9481): 20 -23 April 2015.
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2015, 948107-1-9
(SPIE-Proceedings 9481).


Current situation of IR sensor technical basis in germany.
Walther, M.; Rehm, R.; Stadelmann, T.; Daumer, V.; Eich, D.; Hanna, S.; Figgemeier, H.
Journal of the Japan Society of Infrared Science and Technology 25 (2015), 1, 57-65

2014

Improved AlGaN p-i-n photodetectors for monitoring of ultraviolet radiation.
Albrecht, B.; Kopta, S.; John, O.; Rütters, M.; Kunzer, M.; Driad, R.; Marenco, N.; Köhler, K.; Walther, M.; Ambacher, O.
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 20 (2014), 6, 1-7


Mid-infrared electro-luminescence and absorption from AlGaN/GaN-based multiquantum well inter-subband structures.
Hofstetter, D.; Bour, D. P.; Kirste, L.
Applied Physics Letters 104 (2014), 241107-1-4


Optimization of InGaAs/InAlAs APDs for SWIR detection with demand for high gain and low breakdown voltage.
Kleinow, P.; Rutz, F.; Aidam, R.; Bronner, W.; Heussen, H.; Walther, M.
Huckridge, D. A. (Ed.) et al.: Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XI (SPIE 9249).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014, 92490X-1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 9249).


Characterization of new components for a miniaturized heterodyne infrared spectrometer.
Krause, P.; Sonnabend, G.; Labadie, L.; Sornig, M.; Thomson, R.; Arriola, A.; Rodenas, A.; Hewagama, T.; Rutz, F.
Ramsay, S. K. (Ed.) et al.: Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy V (SPIE 9147).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014, 91475H-1-11
(SPIE-Proceedings 9147).


InAs/GaSb superlattice detectors for the long-wavelength infrared regime.
Rehm, R.; Masur, J.-M.; Schmitz, J.; Walther, M.
Andresen, B.F. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XL (SPIE-Proc. Vol. 9070).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014, 90700T-1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 9070).


Infrared photodetector development at Fraunhofer IAF.
Rutz, F.; Kleinow, P.; Walther, M.; Aidam, R.; Bronner, W.; Kirste, L.; Niemasz, J.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Stadelmann, T.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Sieck, A.; Ziegler, J.
Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XI (SPIE 8993).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014, 1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 8993).


Development of Bi-Spectral InAs/GaSb Type II superlattice image detectors.
Stadelmann, T.; Wörl, A.; Wauro, M.; Daumer, V.; Niemasz, J.; Luppold, W.; Simon, T.; Riedel, M.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.
Andresen, B.F. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XL (SPIE-Proc. Vol. 9070).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014, 90700V-1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 9070).

2013

AlGaN ultraviolet A and ultraviolet C photodetectors with very high specific detectivity D*.
Albrecht, B.; Kopta, S.; John, O.; Kirste, L.; Driad, R.; Köhler, K.; Walther, M.; Ambacher, O.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 52 (2013), 08JB28-1-4


Four-component superlattice empirical pseudopotential method for InAs/GaSb superlattices.
Masur, J.-M.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Kirste, L.; Walther, M.
Infrared Physics and Technology 61 (2013), 129-133


InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared detectors.
Rehm, R.; Masur, J.-M.; Schmitz, J.; Daumer, V.; Niemasz, J.; Vandervelde, T.; DeMeo, D.; Luppold, W.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Rutz, F.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.; Walther, M.
Infrared Physics and Technology 59 (2013), 6-11


Noise in InAs/GaSb Type-II superlattice photodiodes.
Rehm, R.; Wörl, A.; Walther, M.
Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices X (SPIE 8631).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2013, 86311M1-8
(SPIE-Proceedings 8631).


InGaAs infrared detector development for SWIR imaging applications.
Rutz, F.; Kleinow, P.; Aidam, R.; Bronner, W.; Kirste, L.; Walther, M.
Huckridge, D. A. (Ed.) et al.: Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications X (SPIE 8896).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2013, 88960C-1-7
(SPIE-Proceedings 8896).


Defects and noise in type-II superlattice infrared detectors.
Walther, M.; Wörl, A.; Daumer, V.; Rehm, R.; Kirste, L.; Rutz, F.; Schmitz, J.
Andresen, B. F. (ed) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIX(SPIE 8704): Part One of Two Parts.
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2013, 87040U-1-9
(SPIE-Proceedings 8704).


Electro-optical properties of InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared photodiodes for bispectral detection.
Wörl, A.; Rutz, F.; Rehm, R.; Masur, J.-M.; Kleinow, P.; Schmitz, J.; Niemasz, J.; Luppold, W.; Stadelmann, T.; Walther, M.; Simon, T.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
13th International Conference on Infrared Sensors & Systems - IRS(2) 2013: AMA Conferences 2013.
Wunstorf: AMA, 2013, 37-42
(AMA Conferences 2013).


Excess noise in InAs/GaSb type-II superlattice pin-photodiodes.
Wörl, A.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.
Infrared Physics and Technology 61 (2013), 5-8


Excess noise in long-wavelength infrared InAs/GaSb type-II superlattice pin-photodiodes.
Wörl, A.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.
22nd International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2013).
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2013, 4 S.


Noise characteristics of InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared photodiodes.
Wörl, A.; Kleinow, P.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Walther, M.
physica status solidi c 10 (2013), 5, 744-747

2012

InAs/GaSb superlattice infrared detectors.
Rehm, R.; Masur, J.-M.; Schmitz, J.; Daumer, V.; Niemasz, J.; Vandervelde, T.; DeMeo, D.; Luppold, W.; Wauro, M.; Wörl, A.; Rutz, F.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.; Walther, M.
Infrared Physics and Technology Article in Press (2012), published online: 29.12.2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.infrared.2012.12.001, 24 S.


Substrate removal of dual-colour InAs/GaSb superlattice focal plane arrays.
Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Schmitz, J.; Wauro, M.; Luppold, W.; Niemasz, J.; Rutz, F.; Wörl, A.; Masur, J.-M.; Kirste, L.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
physica status solidi c 9 (2012), 2, 318-321


Imaging detection of CO2 using a bispectral type-II superlattice infrared camera.
Rutz, F.; Rehm, R.; Wörl, A.; Schmitz, J.; Wauro, M.; Niemasz, J.; Masur, J.-M.; Walther, M.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Quantitative InfraRed Thermography (QIRT).
2012, 7 S.

2011

Dual-color InAs/GaSb superlattice focal-plane array technology.
Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Rutz, F.; Schmitz, J.; Wörl, A.; Masur, J.-M.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
Journal of Electronics Materials 40 (2011), 8, 1738-1743


Current developments for Type-II superlattice imaging systems.
Rutz, F.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Kirste, L.; Masur, J.-M.; Wörl, A.; Schmitz, J.; Wauro, M.; Niemasz, J.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVII (SPIE 8012), Part One of Two Parts: Proceedings of SPIE.
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011, 80120U-1-12
(SPIE-Proceedings 8012).


InAs/GaSb superlattice technology.
Rutz, F.; Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Schmitz, J.; Kirste, L.; Wörl, A.; Masur, J.-M.; Schreibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
Infrared Physics and Technology 54 (2011), 3, 237-242


InAs/GaSb superlattices for high-performance infrared detection.
Rutz, F.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Wauro, M.; Niemasz, J.; Masur, J.-M.; Wörl, A.; Walther, M.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
SENSOR + TEST Conference 2011 Proceedings: 15th International Conference on Infrared Sensors & Systems (SENSOR 2011).
Wunstorf: AMA, 2011, 16-20


Multi-spectral and hyperspectral IR-Sensors for improved surveillance applications.
Scheibner, R.; Breiter, R.; Ziegler, J.; Cabanski, W.; Müller, M.; Heinze, N.; Walther, M.; Rehm, R.
Ender, J. et al.; Fraunhofer FHR: Future Security 2011: Proceedings of the 6th Future Security Research Conference 2011.
Stuttgart: Fraunhofer, 2011, 321-325


Defect density reduction in InAs/GaSb type II superlattice focal plane array infrared detectors.
Walther, M.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Niemasz, J.; Rutz, F.; Wörl, A.; Kirste, L.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VIII (SPIE 7945).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011, 79451N1-10
(SPIE-Proceedings 7945).


The development of 3rd Gen IR detectors at AIM.
Ziegler, J.; Eich, D.; Mahlein, M.; Schallenberg. T.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Wenisch, J.; Wollrab, R.; Daumer, V.; Rehm, R.; Rutz, F.; Walther, M.
SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering: Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVII (SPIE 8012), Part One of Two Parts: Proceedings of SPIE.
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011, 801237-1-13
(SPIE-Proceedings 8012).

2010

Mid-infrared quantum cascade detectors for applications in spectroscopy and pyrometry.
Hofstetter, D.; Giorgetta, F. R.; Baumann, E.; Yang, Q. K.; Manz, C.; Köhler, K.
Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VII (SPIE 7608).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010, 76081N -1-11
(SPIE-Proceedings 7608).


Mid-infrared quantum cascade detectors for applications in spectroscopy and pyrometry.
Hofstetter, D.; Giorgetta, F. R.; Baumann, E.; Yang, Q. K.; Manz, C.; Köhler, K.
Applied Physics B 7608 (2010), 313-320


Type-II Superlattices - The Fraunhofer Perspective.
Rehm, R.; Walther, M.; Schmitz, J.; Rutz, F.; Wörl, A.; Scheibner, R.; Ziegler, J.
Andresen, B.F. (Ed.) et al.: Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVI (SPIE 7660).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010, 76601G-1-12
(SPIE-Proceedings 7660).


InAs/GaSb type II superlattices for advanced 2nd and 3rd generation detectors.
Walther, M.; Rehm, R.; Schmitz, J.; Fleißner, J.; Rutz, F.; Kirste, L.; Scheibner, R.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.
Razeghi, M. (ed) et al.: Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VII (SPIE 7608).
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010, 76081Z-1-10
(SPIE-Proceedings 7608).